Tuesday, October 16, 2012

What Is Diabetes and Types of Diabetes

What Is Diabetes and Types of Diabetes

Medical Science has got immense growth in modern world. But still diabetes is treated as a chronic disease. It is established that diabetes can be controlled, but it prevails in the body till the death.

Diabetes is a metabolic disease due to the level of blood sugar (glucose).

In other words it is the inability of the body to convert glucose in to energy. After the digestion food is divided in to fats, protein and carbohydrates. These carbohydrates cause the formation of glucose. Glucose is transferred to blood and it is used as the energy for cells.

Patients with diabetes this process i.e. the conversion of glucose in to energy, doesn't work properly. As a result the level of glucose in the blood becomes high.

This phenomena in the human body is happens when the insulin secretion comes under defects. Insulin is a hormone which produced by pancreas that control the glucose level in the human body.

In a normal physical condition when the glucose level bumps up in the body, the pancreas release adequate insulin to regulate the glucose level.

This insulin converts the glucose in to energy for cell and thus it keeps sugar (glucose) level normally.

But in patient with diabetes this type of auto regulation system doesn't happened.

The deficiency of insulin may come as the reason for hyperglycemia. Excessive thirst, excessive urination, extreme hunger, fatigue are some the common symptoms of diabetes.

Studies reveal that diabetic people are more prone to heart diseases than other people. That is why people with diabetes need more care in daily life. Let us discuss the types of diabetes.

Diabetes is categorized in to three types.

1. Type 1 diabetes (insulin-dependent diabetes)

Type 1 diabetes is also known as immune-mediated or juvenile-onset diabetes. This is purely depending on the production of insulin in the body.

Insulin may be insufficient or defective in patient with Type 1 diabetes. This types diabetes is most often happens in childhood.

Patient who is suffering from this category must see strict diet and exercise. It is recommended that patient comes under this group must inject with insulin in the physician.

2. Type 2 diabetes (non-insulin dependent diabetes)

Another name of this category is adult-onset diabetes. 90% of total diabetes patients come under this type.

In this category sufficient insulin is produced by the pancreas. But the body is fails to use it in the true sense. Adult people are the victims of the Type 2 diabetes.

The positive thing is that this type can very easily be controlled. The Patients having Type 2 diabetes has to do stringent diet, strict exercise and weight control to make upper hand on it.

3. Gestational diabetes mellitus

During the pregnancy Gestational diabetes mellitus is diagnosed through an oral glucose tolerance test.

GDM comes to normal after the delivery but the mother may face the risk of developing permanent diabetes.

The chance of such case is one in 25 pregnancies world-wide. The chance to develop obesity and impaired glucose is high.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=Shahid_Malima_Hussain

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